The first house to be studied (Building A) is a mid terrace brick built building with a slate roof, lying close to a railway (when it was built - the only remaining feature is a goods shed across the road from this property), in a market town on the western border of the East Midlands.
The property has a front garden facing the road, and is entered via a narrow hall with stairs leading to the first floor. The ground floor had 2 living rooms - a 'front room' (with square bay window), separated from the hall a by thin a stud wall, and a back room, which would have probably been used as a kitchen - a scullery, and a pantry (this has now been altered: the scullery is now the kitchen; and the pantry is now a through lobby to an extension, which provides a bathroom). The first floor has 3 bedrooms (one over the front room; one over the original kitchen; and the smallest over what was the scullery), reached by a landing, being reasonably spacious for a 'lower class' terraced house (e.g. the old kitchen room measures 11' x 12' approx., and the front room c. 11' x14). There is a small back yard (much of which has been covered by the recent extension), with an outdoor toilet located next to that of the adjacent property, behind the pantry of the adjoining house. The properties are separated by a high fence of uncertain age. There are separate steps to a long terraced garden, which has a gate along the end wall leading to another byway with a number of properties.